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Center for Materials Research (LaMa)

Welcome to the web sites of the Center for Materials Research
The Center for Materials research is a core-facility of JLU and supported by the departments of chemistry and physics.
It serves for running joint research projects, for the coordination of study programs in materials science and for promoting the qualification of doctoral candidates.
The Center regularly organizes events covering recent issues of materials research. It also offers central experimental resources to its member research groups.
Please find additional information in "About us".

Picture of the Month - March 2018

Here you see current insights into the research of the LaMa groups. A collection of the former pictures can be found in the Gallery.

Shape-Controlled CeO2 Nanoparticles: Stability and Activity in the Catalyzed HCl Oxidation ReactionBild des Monats März

CeO2 is a promising catalyst for the HCl oxidation (Deacon process) in order to recover Cl2. Employing shape-controlled CeO2 nanoparticles (cubes, octahedrons, rods) exposing facets with preferential orientations ((100), (111), (110)), we studied the activity and stability under two reaction conditions (harsh: Ar:HCl:O2= 6:2:2 and mild: Ar:HCl:O2=7:1:2). It turns out that both activity and stability are structure-sensitive and are not reconciled with corresponding surface energies and the formation energies of O-vacancies. The apparent activation energies are about 50 kJ/mol for cubes and rods, while the octahedrons reveal an apparent activation energy of 65 kJ/mol. The reaction order in O2 is positive (0.26-0.32). Under mild reaction conditions all three morphologies are stable, consistent with corresponding studies of CeO2 powders and CeO2 nanofibers. Under harsh reaction conditions, however, cubes and octahedrons are both instable, forming CeCl3, while rods are still stable. The present stability and activity experiments in the catalytic HCl oxidation reaction over shape-controlled CeO2 nanoparticles may serve as benchmarks for future ab-initio studies of the catalyzed HCl oxidation reaction over well-defined CeO2 surfaces.

Recent Publication on this Topic:
C. Li, Y. Sun, I. Djerdj, P. Vöpel, C. Sack, T. Weller, R. Ellinghaus, J. Sann, Y. Guo, B.M. Smarsly, H. Over, Shape-controlled CeO2 Nanoparticles: Stability and Activity in the Catalyzed HCl Oxidation Reaction, ACS Catal. 7 (2017) 6453-6463

This picture was submitted by Prof. Dr. Herbert Over.