Denis Ljuljanović, M. A.
- Geschichte der politischen, sozialen und kulturellen osmanischen Institutionen auf dem Balkan
- Interkonfessionelle Beziehungen im Osmanischen Reich - soziale und religiöse Aktivitäten verschiedener ökumenischer Gemeinschaften
- Der Balkan in der Ära von Nationalismus und Modernisierung
- Moderne politische und soziale Geschichte des Balkans
The research analyzes the Ottoman-Montenegrin relations in the context of Macedonian Question (1878-1913). The Congress of Berlin brought the official international recognition of Balkan countries as Serbia, Romania and Montenegro which were until 1878 nominally a part of the Ottoman Empire. As new-formed sovereign states, the Balkan countries granted the right to send and receive diplomatic representatives. Thereby, it gained the international legal ground for development of their own diplomatic networks, including the right to communicate with other countries through accredited foreign diplomats. Following its international recognition, Montenegro established official diplomatic relations with the Ottoman state/Devlet-i aliyye which became active at the turn of XX century in the solving process of the Macedonian Question as the last part of the Eastern Question. Actually, the Macedonian affair was at the center of the Eastern Question conflict, brought on by the progressive decline of the Ottoman Empire and imperial ambitious of great and small neighbor countries. Situated at the crossroads of East and West, Macedonia is located at the heart of Balkan Peninsula, which gives it a particular strategic value for diplomatic, political and social activities. Therefore, Macedonia/Vilayat-i Selase became foremost principal domain of political interference of the Great Powers and small Balkan countries (Montenegro, Serbia, Bulgaria and Greece) as a part of the “small power imperialism” policy and the “greater state” building projects.