HORIZON 2020 (2014-2020)
HORIZON 2020 runs from 2014-2020 and merges the Framework Programme, the innovation-fostering parts of the program for corporate competetiveness and for COSME, and the European Institute of Innovation and Technology. The total budget for this is 70 billion Euros.
The structure of HORIZON 2020 is arranged into three focal points with a total of seven parts, which will continue many approved program areas from the 7th EU Framework Programme.
HORIZON 2020 will look like the following:I: 'Excellent Science' as an academically driven focus consists of the following:
- European Research Council: awards individual grants to excellent junior and established researchers with groundbreaking project ideas.
- Future and Emerging Technologies (FET): awards grants in three funding schemes to research networks in order to explore innovative ideas.
- Marie Skłodowska-Curie Measures: fosters the mobility of junior researchers.
- Research Infrastructures: integrates existing research infrastructures, thereby enabling more transnational access (use of installations by researchers from various countries) and promotes the construction of research installations and facilities of pan-European interest.
- Fundamental and industrial technologies, including key technologies: grant money for research and innovation in areas especially relevant to industrial competitiveness. The following topics are part of this: information and communication technologies, nanotechnologies, advanced materials, biotechnology, advanced manufacturing and processing, space.
- Risk financing: consists of credit facilities and venture capital in order to generate funds for high-risk research and innovation projects that possibly could never bring in investments otherwise.
- Innovation in SMEs: targeted funding of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) along the entire innovation chain, including feasibility studies, funding of research and demonstration, and support for the follow-up phase.
III. 'Societal Challenges' as a politically driven focus consists of seven challenges. Interdisciplinary solutions for comprehensive problems that individual countries cannot solve should be found. The challenges are as follows:
- Health, demographic change, and well-being.
- Challenges for the European bio-economy: nutrition and food security; sustainable land and forest use; marine, maritime, and limnological research.
- Secure, clean, and efficient energy.
- Smart, green, and integrated transport.
- Climate action, resource efficiency, and raw materials.
- Secure societies - protecting the freedom and security of Europe and its citizens.
IV. Further parts of HORIZON 2020 include the following:
- Expansion of excellence and widening participation for targeted measures to pursue political cohesion goals.
- Science with and for society as a continuation of the program "Science in Society" of the 7th EU Framework Programme, for increasing the acceptance of science.
- The European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT), which dovetails the scientific triangle (academic education, research, and innovation).
- The non-nuclear, direct measures of the Joint Research Center (JRC).
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