CfP: Wars in Intellectual and Artistic Reflection
Wars in Intellectual and Artistic Reflection
Media and the Production of Knowledge in Eastern Europe, 1900-1939
Herder Institute for Historical Research on Eastern Europe, Marburg
Already before World War One, wars around the globe were increasingly being monitored by intellectuals in Eastern Europe and served as topoi for artistic expression and media events due to the expansion of the newspaper market. Examples of such wars were the Second Anglo-Boer War of 1899 to 1902, the Russian-Japanese War 1904-05 and the wars at the south-eastern periphery of Europe between 1911 and 1913 (the Italo-Ottoman War and the two Balkan wars). During World War One, a vast number of critical assessments, planning literature and artistic expressions were produced in response to the new quality of warfare and the massive number of casualties. These responses were either patriotic or critical depending on the involvement of the individual intellectuals and artists. The disintegration of empires, a newly defined geopolitical order and socio-economic upheaval together with increasing revolutionary sentiments in society and military clashes (like the wars of independence or clashes over the location of future borders that followed World War One) opened up a new and extremely diverse spectrum of views and positions. During the 1920s and 1930s – against the backdrop of new economic pressures in Central Europe due to the Great Depression and colonial or civil wars (in Spain and Ethiopia) – the position of intellectuals and artists remained polarized.
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