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Artikelaktionen

Qualifizierungsarbeiten

Lara Saadi

Affiliation

 Universität Tübingen

PhD Working Title

"Mediatisierte Verhandlungen von (Anti-)Rassismus und marginalisiertem Leben – eine medienethnographische Untersuchung postmigrantischer Podcasts als widerständiges Archiv"

Summary Ausgehend von einem Interesse an digitaler Erinnerungsarbeit migrantisierter und rassifizierter Aktivist:innen in Deutschland, untersucht diese Doktorarbeit postmigrantische Podcasts als widerständiges Archiv. Es stellt sich die Frage wie in und mit diesem auditiven Medium marginalisiertes Leben und (post-)migrantische Widerstände dokumentiert sowie die Kontinuitäten rassistischer Gewalt verhandelt werden. Im Fokus stehen dabei Podcast-Projekte aus dem Umfeld des postmigrantischen Netzwerks Neue Deutsche Organisationen. Angenommen wird, dass die minorisierten Podcaster:innen die Dethematisierung von Rassismus und rechtem Terror in Deutschlands „Basiserzählung“ (Herz) und eine damit einhergehende Verunmöglichung ihrer Existenzen und Erfahrungen durchkreuzen und Anspruch auf postmigrantisches Erinnern erheben. Auf welche Arten und Weisen dies geschieht, möchte die explorative Studie zeigen. Umgesetzt wird das Forschungsvorhaben dabei nach den Prinzipien der Netnographic Grounded Theory, einer Online-Medienethnographie, die der Methodologie der Grounded Theory folgt.
1st Supervisor Prof. Dr. Tanja Thomas

2nd

Supervisor

Prof. Dr. Encarnación Gutiérrez-Rodríguez


Tobias Schädel

Project title: Postfaktizität und Geltung. Eine Studie zum gesellschaftlichen Imaginären der Moderne.

(Post-Truth and Validity. An Inquiry into the Societal Imaginary of Modernity.)

 

Abstract

In recent years, the diagnosis of a “post-truth era” has gained a lot of attention when it comes to describe the current shape of political culture and the media-landscape that surrounds it. From the perspective of cultural sociology, the term “post-truth” entails a peculiar mixture of political and epistemological meanings, invoking a narrative of an ongoing cultural decline. The dissertational project aims to dissect the societal constituents that put the notion of a shared sense of reality and truth-perception at the fore in times of political crises. By investigating into the self-perception of modern societies as rational knowledge societies with a strong confidence in science as an exemplary social system, providing a reliable basis for political decision-making, the societal imaginary of modern society can be reconstructed. Through examining the dialectics between facts and truth, the theoretical tool of the societal imaginary can refocus the classic sociological investigation into ideology and utopia. An analysis of the role that scientific expertise played in legitimizing far reaching political decisions during the pandemic year 2020 in Germany will serve as an empirical case study for the theoretical argument.

 

Giovana de Souza Possignolo

Affiliation

GCSC/Justus-Liebig University

PhD Working Title

 

1st

Supervisor

Prof. Dr. Encarnación Gutiérrez-Rodríguez


Kim Wigand

Immer mehr Pflegebedürftige auf der einen, immer weniger Pflegepersonal auf der anderen Seite. In Deutschland herrscht nicht erst seit der Corona-Pandemie akuter Personalmangel im Gesundheitssektor. Daher startete 2013 die Gesellschaft für internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) das Projekt „Triple Win“, mit dem Ziel, den Pflegenotstand auch mithilfe ausländischer Krankenpfleger zu beheben. Zum Beispiel mit Personal von den Philippinen, deren Pflegekräfte aufgrund ihrer kulturellen Anpassungsfähigkeit und akademischen Ausbildung weltweit gefragt sind.

 

In diesem Dissertationsprojekt wird mittels qualitativer Interviews und einer ethnografischen Herangehensweise der Migrationsweg philippinischer Pflegekräfte nachgezeichnet. Welche Migrationsmotive haben die Pflegekräfte? Welche Herausforderungen sind auf dem Weg nach Deutschland zu bewältigen? Wie gestaltet sich im späteren Verlauf die soziale Integration im Zielland?

 

Zu meinem Dissertationsthema inspiriert hat mich neben dem akademischen Interesse meine deutsch-philippinische Herkunft sowie meine anderthalbjährige Erfahrung aus der Praxis als Deutschlehrer auf den Philippinen für ebenjene Pflegekräfte. Seit 2020 bin als externer Promotionsstudent an der JLU eingeschrieben. Meinen Lebensunterhalt bestreite ich weiterhin als Deutschlehrer.

 

Sladja Brankovic

Affiliation

Justus-Liebig University

PhD Working Title

"Nature, Science, and Intersex: Discursive Strategies in Intersex Advocacy"

Summary

1st Supervisor

Prof. Dr. Encarnación Gutiérrez-Rodríguez

2nd Supervisor

-


María Cárdenas

Affiliation

GCSC/Justus-Liebig University

PhD Working Title

"Strategies and potential of decolonial empowerment to deconstruct social hierarchies of coloniality in transformation periods of armed conflicts. Drawing from the example of a participatory analysis with Colombian and Guatemalan activists"

1st

Supervisor

Prof. Dr. Encarnación Gutiérrez-Rodríguez


Meryem Choukri M.A.

Affiliation

University of Warwick/Justus-Liebig University

PhD Working Title

"Archives of Resistance - Remembering Black Women and Women of Colour Movements in Germany"

Summary

This PhD project focuses on archives of Black women and women of colour movements in Germany. It investigates the question how historical awareness and archives are formed in activist movements that are constantly changing. While archives are commonly associated with the preservation of hegemonic knowledge in the form of records collections, this project will help to shape a better understanding of the question how archiving and transmitting of knowledge is done from a marginalised, resistant position.
Using a constructivist grounded theory approach, I will mainly draw from semi-structured interviews with Black women and women of colour activists from different generations. In analysing different forms of archives in the context of intersectional activism in Germany, such as community archives, literary archives, and social media archives, I will demonstrate how knowledge about present and past activism, intersectionality and racism is archived and passed on in Black women and women of colour movements. In doing so, I will also shed light on events, texts, individuals and other points of reference for the movements. The final chapter on archives of resistance will discuss the entanglements and various functions of the different archives and show how political activism and marginalised knowledge is organised in Black women and women of colour movements in Germany.

Supervisor

Prof. Dr. Christine Achinger

Co-Supervisor

Prof. Dr. Encarnación Gutiérrez-Rodríguez


Paola Solís

Affiliation

GCSC

PhD Working Title

‘Other ways of farming’: Andean peasant women’s more-than-human agricultural care relations as collective insurgent practices. 

Abstract The modern/colonial project has material and subjective consequences that are threatening the existence of the pluriverse - e.g. the Andean peasant women’s world – while intensifying agroextractivist interventions. Latin American governments supporting extractivist operations are embracing the economization of nature, against peasant women’s affections. In Peru, peasant women have been considered the target for social welfare programs rather than actors with potential to manage their own economies and political life. Despite policy guidelines, women’s agricultural work is still deemed irrelevant in a world that glorifies monetized flows – a situation that the pandemic COVID-19 has only magnified. Feminists have used the concept of care to underscore unpaid labor’s misrecognition and to rethink economics. Humans and urban/domestic contexts have been the main focus under these studies. I introduce different lenses to analyze care in women’s agricultural work, using as case study the relations of Andean peasant women who practice ‘other ways of farming’ (OWF), i.e.: practices closer to – but not only- agroecology. My approach considers symmetric more-than-human care relations in rural settings. In addition, I include a decolonial perspective to consider the wider context where care relations are enacted; and the use of affect theory to establish connections between decolonial cracks and the subjectivities of Andean peasant women.

1st Supervisor

Prof. Dr. Encarnación Gutiérrez-Rodríguez

2nd

Supervisor

 


Maraike Büst

Seit 2017 bin ich Doktorandin am Institut für Soziologie der JLU. Im Rahmen meiner Dissertation zum Thema „Partizipation im Social Web“ verfolge ich mein Forschungsinteressen im Bereich populärer Kulturanalysen der Gegenwart, Social Web, Digitalisierung und Medialität von Gesellschaft. Mein Fokus liegt auf der Social Media Plattform Instagram.

Ich engagiere mich als aktives Mitglied in der Forschungssektion „Media, Science & Technology“ und bin Teil der Peer-Mentoring-Gruppe „Empirische Bildungs- und Sozialforschung EBuS“. Seit 2018 koordiniere ich das Verbundprojekt „Lehre 4.0 – E-Learning für den wissenschaftlichen Nachwuchs“ und bin seit 2019 promovierendes Mitglied des GGS-Direktoriums. Seit 2021 koordiniere ich das Kompetenzteam Digitale Lehre an der JLU Gießen.

Katharina Lüthi

Governance grenzüberschreitender Professionalisierung und gesellschaftlicher Integration – Strategien und multiple Rationalitäten beim Aufbau eines kommunalen Bildungsmanagements

 

In meinem Promotionsvorhaben gehe ich der Frage nach, welchen Beitrag ein kommunales Bildungsmanagement zur Herstellung kollektiver Handlungsfähigkeit leistet. Mithilfe der Grounded Theory-Methodologie rekonstruiere ich auf der Basis von im Längsschnitt erhobenen Interviewdaten der wissenschaftlichen Begleitforschung zum Programm «Lernen vor Ort» Arenen, die ich als Integrationsräume lese.

Nach längjähriger Berufstätigkeit als Primarlehrerin betrachte ich pädagogische Felder nun mit den Augen der ethnographischen Feldforscherin (vgl. https://www.fhnw.ch/ph/trilan).

 

 

Eugenia Matz M.A.

Affiliation

GCSC/Justus-Liebig University

PhD Working Title

"Doxa und kritisches Bewusstsein im Bildungskonzept Globales Lernen. Zwischen Affirmation, Resilienz und postkolonialer Transformation."

1st Supervisor

Prof. Dr. Encarnación Gutiérrez-Rodríguez

2nd Supervisor


Çiçek Tanli M.A.

Affiliation GCSC/Justus-Liebig University
PhD Working Title Daily struggles as everyday violence: Narratives of immigrant divorced mothers from Turkey in Germany
Summary

The main question of my research is “how do divorced mothers living in Germany with immigration biographies from Turkey build their individual narratives about their daily struggles in the context of every-day violence?” Beyond personal desires, choices and longings divorced mothers’ daily struggles may also include constant negotiations and limitations around a wide range of elements such as child’s well-being, financial problems, time management, exploitation of her labour, sexual stigmatization, or social exclusion. Yet, the daily struggles of divorced mothers with immigration biographies from Turkey are situated among various further story-lines such as ideas about single parenting and divorced motherhood, being Muslim or being seen as Muslim, representations of Turks as bounded by their families, cultural stigma on Turkish divorced women, Turkish/Muslim women being violated by their (ex)husbands, and divorce being highly tolerated in Germany and more. Based on narrative interviews with divorced mothers living in Germany with immigration biographies from Turkey, my research tackles the daily struggles of divorced motherhood in a dialogue with the theoretical framework of every-day violence and with the “regime of gender violence” (Weber, 2013). Using a discourse analytic approach influenced by the questions of ethnographically informed research on every-day violence (e.g. Das, Kleinman, Scheper-Hughes, Bourdieu) and of narrative analysis, I scrutinize the theme and discursive form of loneness across the individual narratives about the daily struggles of immigrant divorced mothers.

1st Supervisor Prof. Dr. Encarnación Gutiérrez-Rodríguez

2nd Supervisor Beverly Weber, Associate Professor at University of Colorado Boulder


Duygu Gürsel M.A.

Affiliation

Humboldt University Berlin/Rosa-Luxemburg Stiftung

PhD Working Title

"Another “guest-worker” history?: Flight from the factory into self-employment - Andere 'Gastarbeiter_innen' Geschichte?: Flucht aus der Fabrik in die Selbständigkeit "

1st Supervisor

Prof. Dr. Gökce Yurdakul

2nd

Supervisor

Prof. Dr. Encarnación Gutiérrez-Rodríguez


Nadiye Ünsal M.A.

Affiliation Justus-Liebig University
PhD Working Title “The Coloniality of the Legal Category Refugee in the Border Regime of Europe and Turkey”
Summary Border and migration studies tent to look at current events and take the prevailing socio-political, economical and legal conceptions of border regimes as given categories and subjectivities. Historically grounded critical border studies offer a deeper insight about how mobility policies,  practices and the subjectivities produced by these conceptions were shaped in the past and are (re)configured in present day policies. Adopting a historical perspective for critical border and migration studies would therefore “challenge(s) (the) amnesia of the discipline of migration studies” (Walters). 
My PhD-Project “The Coloniality of the Legal Category Refugee in the Border Regime of Europe and Turkey”  aspires to give an interdisciplinary account on the geopolitical hegemonies that are (de/re)stabilized through the introduction of the legal category of refugee in the 19th century during Ottoman rule up until the so called EU-Turkey Deal enacted in 2016. The theoretical concepts of Governmentality (Foucault) and Coloniality (Quijano, Mignolo) should set the analytical parts of the thesis. Furthermore, my PhD project will adopt a legal anthropological perspective on the legal category refugee and its genealogy.
1st Supervisor Prof. Dr. Encarnación Gutiérrez-Rodríguez

2nd Supervisor Prof. Dr. Regina Römhild (Humboldt University Berlin)


Patrizia De Blasio

Liebe, Sex und Internet – YouTube das Portal für sexuelle Bildung? 

 

Mit diesen und weiteren Fragen beschäftigt sich meine Dissertation. Seit Mai 2019 untersuche ich die Plattform YouTube und deren sexuellen Inhalte. Mein Ziel ist es herauszufinden, wie Jugendliche auf sexuelle Inhalte reagieren und welche Themen für Jugendliche besonders interessant sind. Mein methodisches Vorgehen führe ich mit einer Stimmungsanalyse (Programmiersprache Python) und einer inhaltlichen Analyse nach der Grounded Theory durch.  

Ich arbeite für pro familia Hanau e.V und bin dort im sexualpädagogischen Bereich tätig. Seit Ende 2019 übernehme ich die Leitung für das medienpädagogische Projekt #sexnet.

 

Maximilian Dommermuth

Glücksentfaltung im Resonanzraum Schule

 

Wie wäre es, (in der Schule) glücklich zu sein?

Als Gymnasiallehrer begleite ich ethnografisch den Institutionalisierungsprozess meiner Glücks-AG im Rahmen des Promotionsvorhabens. Mittels der GTM werden als abschließendes Element der Feldforschung narrative Interviews mit den Lernenden intendiert, um zu kategorisieren, welche Effekte eine fokussierte Persönlichkeitsentwicklung in der Schule zu zeitigen vermag. Mit dieser Arbeit wird das Ziel verfolgt, Wohlbefindensentwicklungen und Sinnstrukturen der AG-Teilnehmenden aufzudecken und zu analysieren, welche Bedeutung dem Glück in der Schulentwicklung zukommen sollte.

Die theoretische Basis bilden Frankls Logotherapie und Rosas Resonanztheorie.

 

Sabrina Reuther

Lernen erscheint omnipräsent: Sei es innerhalb der Lebensspanne (lebenslanges Lernen), in der (Bildungs-)Politik (wiederum: lebenslanges Lernen), in Organisationen bzw. Unternehmen (lernende Organisationen und corporate learning) oder in wissenschaftlichen Diskursen. In Letzteren zeigt sich eine große Vielfalt theoretischer Konzeptionen; vom altbekannten Behaviorismus über sozialkonstruktivistische Modelle bis hin zu marxistisch und leibphänomenologisch begründeten Lernbegriffen. Zugleich gewinnt das sogenannte maschinelle Lernen an Prominenz. Lernen scheint noch nie so wichtig für alle Menschen und alles Nicht-Menschliche gewesen zu sein.

Was ist Lernen – aus (wissens-)soziologischer Sicht?

 

 

Morteza Azimi

Project title:

Identity Politics and Belonging. Life Stories of People with Afghan Origin Living in Iran and Germany

 

Abstract

Afghanistan has been recently recognized to be either the second or the third main refugee producer in the world. Pakistan, Iran, and Germany have been respectively the first three main destinations of Afghans. In this project, I will focus on the lives of Afghans in Iran and Germany and try to see how they identify themselves and how the given societies define them. The reasons behind choosing these two contexts are firstly because of the high number of Afghans living in these two countries and secondly, this project provides information about the second migrations of Afghans towards Europe. I want to show that the issue of identity and self-perception is a significant motive behind second migration of Afghans, the very fact, which has been neglected in international laws and treaties concerning the issue of forced migration. Even though Iran has been a favorite destination for Afghans due to the geographical adjacency or the commonalities such as religion, language, and culture, there have always been many Afghans, who have decided or decide to leave this country either for their own country or other countries, especially European ones. 2015, the year in which the Europe’s open border policy took place, made clear that a large number of Afghans left Iran for a better life. In this project, I make use of a wide range of identity theories such as G. H. Mead’s symbolic interactionism, Erving Goffman’ dramaturgical presentation of self, Erik Erikson’s 8 stages of psychosocial development as well as other poststructuralist approaches to the Subject and structure to see how Afghans define themselves according to the societies in which they live. Narrative interviews with informants, legal and archival texts as well as other secondary literature comprise my data for this research.

 

Publications:

Azimi, Morteza. 2019. “The Identity of Identity”. KULT_online, no. 60 (November 2019).

Dominique Autschbach

Project title

  • Relaxation and serenity: A praxeological account of self-help literature and courses on stress.
  • Entspannung und Gelassenheit: Eine praxeologische Analyse von Ratgeberliteratur und Präventionskursen zu Stress.

Stress is a ubiquitous term of contemporary society: It allows individuals to both articulate everyday grievances and give a critical account of societal circumstances. Furthermore, talking about stress displays certain ways of understanding the self and its relationship with the environment as well as techniques for achieving affirmed states such as relaxation and serenity. Using the term stress brings about more or less systematic classifications of events: Some episodes are stress, others are not, some stresses cause harm for the entity subjected to them, others make it flourish. Departing from literature on the history of stress research, the project thus proposes an Wittgensteinian sociology of everyday knowledge about what it means to be stressed and how to deal with stress. Methodologically, the study draws on two forms of qualitative research: The data collection combines a participant observation in training classes on stress prevention with a textual analysis of self-help books on stress management.

 

Publications (Book reviews):

Bröckling, Ulrich: Gute Hirten führen sanft. Über Menschenregierungskünste. Berlin: Suhrkamp, 2017. In: KULT_Online 53 (2018),  https://journals.ub.uni-giessen.de/kult-online/article/view/180/226.

Pribram, E. Deirdre: A Cultural Approach to Emotional Disorders: Psychological and Aesthetic Interpretations. New York / London: Taylor & Francis, 2016. In: KULT_online 50 (2017), https://journals.ub.uni-giessen.de/kult-online/article/view/140/161.

Mixa, Elisabeth; Pritz, Sarah Miriam; Tumeltshammer, Markus und Greco, Monica: Un-Wohl-Gefühle. Eine Kulturanalyse gegenwärtiger Befindlichkeiten. Bielefeld: transcript, 2016. In: KULT_online 49 (2017), http://kult-online.uni-giessen.de/archiv/2017/ausgabe-49/rezensionen/wie-gehts-uns-denn-heute-eine-interdisziplinaere-debatte-ueber-befinden-in-der-gegenwaertigen-gesellschaft  

Jackson, Mark (Hrsg.): Stress in Post-War Britain 1945–1985. London 2015, in: H-Soz-Kult, 13.09.2016, www.hsozkult.de/publicationreview/id/rezbuecher-23761)

 

Yan Cheng

Projekttitel: Media Frames of Climate Justice in China

 

Abstract:

The climate change has been globalized and politicized in recent decades. It appears to be a global issue that calls for cooperation, of which the key problem lies in the question of who should take how much historical/present/future responsibility to deal with climate change. This is often closely bound to the notion of climate justice that each country holds. If and how a (relatively) justice climate deal can be agreed by as many as possible actors is vital for the global to combat climate change together. Thus is necessitates the scholar to explore the notion of climate justice of different actors especially big actors such as China. This project is based on the assumption that the media play an important role in communicating the issue of climate change in general and the notion of climate justice in specific. The project is then going to answer the following questions: (a) Which media frames of climate justice can be found from the studied newspapers? (b) Are there any similarities or/and differences among the media frames of climate justice represented by the newspapers? (c) What are the social and political implications of those similarities and differences?

 

Publikation:

“Media Representations of China’s Role in Climate Politics at the Copenhagen Summit”, In: Bienvenido León (ed.), Communicating climate change: from global agenda to media representation, Proceedings of the 28th CICOM International Conference on Communication. Salamanca: Comunicación Social S.C. 2014, PP. 44-64.

Kevin Grünstein

Project Title:

Sticker. Kulturgeschichte eines ephemeren Zeichens

 

Abstract:

Sticker wars are being fought throughout urban areas. Freshly pasted, faded and weathered, torn off and painted over many times, palm-sized stickers stick on public toilets, at traffic lights, in pubs, alternative shared flats, streets, trendy neighborhoods. A history of cultural practices, of genealogies of wild posters, pamphlet literature, montage and collage experiments of the avant-garde etc., is embedded in these contemporary sticker wars. It is part of the reason how and why for actors nowadays stickers seem to be a low-threshold engagement to „reclaim the city“. On the basis of the number and density of the types of sticker statements and, above all, their asthetic "contestedness" in the course of the street, the cityscape‘s economic, sub- and socio-cultural social space and its segregation can be read. Moreover, by analyzing how actors contextualize their stickers, how they combine their political, advertising or artistic statements with common surroundings (to re-contextualize it), we get to know how everyday life „aesthetics“ are shaped, how people‘s „ways of seeing“ are irritated and reshaped. Seen this way, stickers are more than a specific historical and contemporary cultural artefact, but a microscopic archeological example for the possibilities and limits of political aesthetics itself.

Toqa Hilal

Project Title: The Relation between Othering and Islamist Radicalization in Germany

 

Abstract:

The impact of the subjective perception of a schism between Muslims and non- Muslims as well as between Islam and the West on the identity changes associated with the radicalization process of German Islamists is the phenomenon that is under study here.

This dissertation empirically examines the biographic moments that led to the identity changes of radical Muslims throughout their radicalization, in an attempt to increase insight into the role of online and offline subjectively decoded experiences in triggering the phases and manifestations of radicalization in today’s digital era.

Using constructivist grounded theory, semi-standard biographic narrative interviews will be conducted with young Muslim Germans with radicalization history. Both men and women.

If willing to combat Islamist recruitment proactively, it is crucially important to recognize that their narrative only resonates when intersecting with the circumstances some young Muslims in the West find themselves in today. Increasing xenophobia and Islamophobia, alienation and cultural dislocation, socioeconomic marginalization and political disenfranchisement that the young generation of Muslim diasporic digital natives subjectively and/ or objectively experience can lead to take solace in faux-religious identities that provide them with a sense of identification and belonging and lift them from purposelessness, underachievement, marginalization and criminality.

Karabo Mohapanele

Project Title:

The impact of family structure and its dynamics on street children phenomenon in the North West province of South Africa

 

Abstract:

The overall aim of this study is to explore on the impact of family structure and its dynamics on street children phenomenon in the North West province of South Africa. The study will focus on street children from various shelters in the province. The goal is to identify what family structures lead children to resort to a street life for particular reasons that will arise from the study given by the participants. The study further intends to understand the overall functioning of these families where street children emerge. These include the nature and type of the family structure, the family home environment, the parent-child relationship, child discipline, guidance, communication, economic conditions and other aspects that may arise from the field interviews.

The five theories that will be employed for this study are: Family Systems theory, Structural Functionalist theory, Symbolic Interactionist theory, Feminist theory and Attachment theory.

The qualitative research paradigm will be used for this study. The study will use Non-probability purposive sampling. Data will be collected from street children from the three shelters in the North West province. Fifteen (15) children from the ages of fifteen to eighteen years will be sampled, five children from each of the three shelters will be selected. The shelter care takers and the parents of the children will also be interviewed. Themes will be used to analyze data.

 

List of Publications:

1 publication - The Handbook of Sociology of Youth in BRICS Countries, Chapter 40, page 821-837. “Book chapter titled Youth and ICT in South Africa: Cell Phones, Social Media, and Students’ Academic Performance.”

Galina Novikova

Project title: Religiousness in Times of Change: Biographical Study of Orthodox Believers in Post-Soviet Russia

 

Abstract:

The main concern of this dissertation project is to make an empirically based contribution to the understanding of the religiosity of Orthodox Christians in post-Soviet Russia in the context of the socio-cultural transformation of Russian society.

The religious situation in contemporary Russia is characterized by contradictory tendencies. Although the number of people who identify themselves with Orthodoxy has strongly grown in the last 25 years, the proportion of the population that regularly goes to church and practices religion remains low. Moreover, individual religious practices of the so-called „unchurched“ believers remain situational and are enacted mostly in the times of “limit situations” like personal difficulties or health problems.

Seeking to uncover this discrepancy between identification with the Orthodoxy and religious practice, I analyze biographical-narrative interviews with Orthodox believers and guideline-based expert-interviews with the clergymen of the Russian Orthodox Church conducted during my fieldwork in Moscow, Saint Petersburg, Kursk and Smolensk in 2014, 2017 and 2018. I am interested in how people come to be Orthodox in Russia after the collapse of the Soviet Union and how is Orthodoxy lived. Using the documentary method (Bohnsack/Nohl) I explore, how and in which framework (Orientierungsrahmen) is the topic of religion dealt with in the interview. The main aim of the project is to formulate a typology of Orthodox believers.

Fabian Pindus

Project title:

Nature as Capital? Enactments of the Travelling Model of Biodiversity in Southern Africa

 

Abstract:

Rampant biodiversity loss is perceived as one of the paradigmatic global crisis phenomena of an increasingly interdependent world-system.

Catalyzed by the effects of climate change as well as societal transformations such as urbanization and a rapidly growing population, the already acute loss of biodiversity is predicted to severely impact the future of Southern Africa’s social-ecological systems.

Vis-á-vis global social-ecological crises and the apparent failure of traditional approaches to conservation, a paradigm shift has occurred within the field of conservation biology.

This paradigm shift is marked by the idea that biodiversity has to be tethered to an economic rationality in order to save it (Dempsey 2016). Concomitantly, biodiversity governance is increasingly structured by a logic of measurementality (Turnhout et al. 2014): In order to provide policy-relevant knowledge, biodiversity is translated into ecosystem services.

Based on the concept of the travelling idea/model (Behrends et al. 2014, Weisser et al. 2014), the preliminary research questions of my project are:

How is the travelling model of biodiversity translated from the sphere of the transnational epistemic community of conservation to the settings and problem-spaces of Southern Africa?

How is this travelling model appropriated and modified in the contexts of conservation projects in Southern Africa?

 

Behrends, Andrea/Park, Sung-Joon/Rottenburg, Richard (2014): Travelling Models –    Introducing an Analytical Concept to Globalisation Studies, in: ebd. (Hrsg.)         Travelling Models in African Conflict Management. Leiden/Boston: Brill, S. 1-40.

Dempsey, Jessica (2016): Enterprising Nature: Economics, Markets, and Finance in      Global Biodiversity Politics. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Turnhout, Esther/Neves, Katja/De Lijster, Elisa (2014): ‘Measurementality’ in biodiversity        governance: knowledge, transparency, and the Intergovernmental Science-   Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES), in: Environment       and Planning A 46(3), S. 581-597.

Weisser, Florian/Bollig, Michael/Doevenspeck, Martin/Müller ‐politics: Offsetting,       depoliticisation, and contestation in a  Mahn, Detlef (2014): Translating the ‘adaptation to climate change’paradigm: The politics of a travelling idea in          Africa, in: The Geographical Journal 180 (2), S. 111-119.

Tevfik Rada

Project title:

Insurgent Images. Militant Cinema Practices in Turkey, 1968-1980

 

Abstract:

This study investigates the militant cinema culture in Turkey, from the political upheavals of the late 1960s until the coup d'état of 1980 which interrupted all radical political and artistic activities, imposing a repressive neoliberal ideology onto the country’s agenda. By introducing and analysing the militantly engaged filmmaker collectives and their forgotten, untranslated, but highly rich textual and visual materials, the study will situate the militant cinema practices in their national and international context. It will present some of the cinematic inventions and their literary productions, such as Genç Sinema and Gerçek Sinema Journal, in relation to the social emancipation projects. The dissertation will argue and demonstrate that the most innovative political cinema practices emerges and explodes in the most contradictory social situations, where the peripheral reality and advanced technological and social elements coexist and contradict with each other.

Florentine Schoog

Project title: Documenting ecological futures. Narratives and governmentality around the Climate Crisis in documentary film (working title)

 

Abstract: Climate change and related phenomena of the so-called Anthropocene undoubtedly represent a contemporary societal challenge, a material reality, and a multi-layered transformation. The intensifying debates catalyze the discursive negotiation of knowledge as well as the (re)production of narratives and interpretative frames about the present and future, about categories such as nature and humanity, as well as about social hegemonies. My research project investigates the form and role of documentary film in this social as well as material field of tension. As a popular medium at the intersection of i. a. journalism, education, entertainment, and art, documentary films often appear as vehicles for enlightenment and documentation, conveying diagnoses of contemporary society and outlooks into the future. I deploy a narratological discourse-theoretical epistemology to analyze documentaries on climate change, anthropogenically-caused environmental crises, and the Anthropocene in terms of their narratives and governmental strategies for rendering the earth and biopolitical entities governable in long-term crisis mode. Thereby, I focus on both the intra-discursive segment of the documentaries and their critical embedding in the overarching climate discourse in the context of structural social inequalities.

 

Teaching: Undergraduate Seminar: Sociological Concepts of Normality and Deviance. Winter term 2018/19 Albert-Ludwigs-University of Freiburg.

Eva Raimann

Thema: „Bedrohte und bedrohende Natur(en): Das menschliche Subjekt im Anthropozän“

 

Abstract:

Ist vom Niedergang der Natur die Rede, und wird gleichzeitig mit dem Erdzeitalter Anthropozän der Mensch als einer der Haupteinflussfaktoren auf jegliche biologische Prozesse der Erde definiert, befindet sich das menschliche Subjekt inmitten eines Verantwortlichkeitsdiskurses, indem suggeriert wird, der Mensch habe Sorge um seine natürliche Umwelt zu tragen. Gleichzeitig erstarken materialistische, neodarwinistische Theorien, die den Menschen als Teil ökologischer Systeme begreifen und seine Sonderstellung im Artengefüge verneinen. Aus diesem Spannungsfeld zwischen einerseits Verantwortlichkeit für und andererseits Beschneidung durch die (eigene) Natur extrahiert sich die Frage, wie und ob sich das menschliche Subjekt inmitten dieser Dialektik in der Natur konsistent situieren kann.

 

Publikationen

„Alles hybrid? Kulturtheoretische Modellierungen eines prominenten Konzeptes“

Review zu Ottmar Ette und Uwe Wirth (Hg.): Nach der Hybridität. Zukünfte der Kulturtheorie. Berlin: Verlag Walter Frey/edition tranvía, 2014.

In KULT_Online,43.

Online verfügbar unter: http://kult-online.uni-giessen.de/archiv/2015/ausgabe-43/rezensionen/immer-noch-alles-hybrid-kulturtheoretische-modellierungen-eines-prominenten-konzeptes