The Image of the Woman in Classic Athens
The project aims to decode the ancient pictorial language of representative Athenian sculptures and reliefs of Classic times with representations of women. The change visible in sculptures as well as vase paintings, in the goddesses and heroines as well as in mortal women from veiling with the heavy peplos about 460 BC towards the almost complete exposure with the sheer chiton from 430 BC is not considered a change of style in the sense of an autonomous development in art but interpreted including written sources, as a profound change in mentality of the Athenian society in the period between the Persian Wars and the end of the Peloponnesian War.
© Athen, Nationalmuseum
The question with which social, political, and general historical processes the change of values in the Athenian society, which is particularly evident in the image of woman, can be linked is in the foreground.