Conference: Heterogeneity of racism
Joint conference of the Herder-Institute for Historical Research on East Central Europe –
Member of the Leibniz-Organization, Freie Universität Berlin and SFB/TRR 138 “Dynamics of Security. Types of Securitization from a Historical Perspective”
Marburg, June 9-10, 2022
Due to its cultural heterogeneity, East Central Europe became a multi-racist space in the late 19th and early 20th century. Racism, modern antisemitism and eugenics originated in Berlin, Paris and London.
It was, however, East Central and Southeastern Europe, especially the multi-ethnic territories of the Aus- trian, Russian and Ottoman Empires, as well as the eastern provinces of the German Empire, where a variety of Social Darwinism, racism and modern antisemitism spread among segments of the population. Due to the multi-ethnic setting and the increase of conflicts between nationalities, the rising nationalism triggered racism and vice versa. This interdependence strengthened the discourses and repertoires among the political (and social) elites in terms of securing their dominant positions, as well as within the different national groups, who feared the loss of their own cultural identity.