Background information on research profiling at JLU:
On the basis of research activities across the university, profiles are being formed on three levels, coordinated between the executive board, the eleven faculties and the university committees. Within this profiling process, which is both in the long term and continuously updated, the profile areas of research have been differentiated into Focus Areas (SPB), Potential Areas (PB), and Accent Areas of the faculties (AB).
- In principle, at JLU must fulfill several performance indicators: 1. a "critical mass" of participating scientists (at least 5-10 principal investigators (PI) in permanent positions with their respective research groups); 2. an appropriately large annual volume of competitively acquired research funding (especially in collaborative research formats) - compared to the respective fields of study; 3. a large and internationally highly visible publishing output. Being recognized as a priority area is connected with special strategic and structural support for the area within the university's overall research and development planning. According to the indicators mentioned, the two focus areas Cardiopulmonary System (Heart/Lung) (from which the Cluster CPI, successful in the Excellence Strategy, also emerged) and Mechanisms of Perception and Adaptation are already demonstrating outstanding performance with particularly strong international appeal. They are interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary in nature and have been established over the past 15 to 20 years in close cooperation with two partner universities, Goethe University of Frankfurt (GUF) and Philipps University of Marburg (UMR).
- Moreover, JLU has been funding five Potential Areas for several years, in alphabetical order: 1. Bioresources (Focus: Inse cts), 2. Infections, Inflammations, and Active Substances, 3. Minute Particles, 4. Culture—Conflict—Security (Focus: Eastern Europe), 5. Material and Energy (Focus: Storage Materials). Potential Areas are internal university research networks with strong external cooperation partners that do not (yet) completely fulfill all of the aforementioned performance parameters of a Focus Area, but which can demonstrate very good (preliminary) performance. The university management specifically supports Potential Areas as part of its strategic development planning. These can develop into Focus Areas.
- The Focus and Potential Areas are particularly formative for JLU's collaborative research profile, for national and international visibility in cutting-edge research, and thus for the attractiveness and reputation of the university as a whole. The following features characterize—completely or predominantly—all Focus and Potential Areas: 1. outstanding individual research by the principal investigator (with corresponding visibility, publications, and external funding of individual research); 2. success in acquiring externally funded research networks in innovative research fields; 3. great interdisciplinary connectivity; 4. (potential for) a long-term stable research consortium; 5. strong regional, national, and/or international cooperation partners in a stable research network; 6. intensive and successful promotion of early career researchers; 7. great transfer potential or high social impact, especially with regard to central challenges facing society as a whole.
- The faculties' Accent Areas are research areas to which JLU has committed itself on the basis of strategic considerations (including the visibility of a discipline as a unique selling point, JLU's social responsibility) as special priorities in its research profile and which it supports accordingly. Accent areas are often located in the transitional area between individual research and collaborative research and are led by one or more departments. Accent areas can develop into potential areas, but can also be permanently designed as high-performance small units.