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Mason, Annaliese

Emmy Noether Group LeaderAnnaliesa Mason

Research group homepage

 

Research Interests

My main research area is genetics and genomics, focusing on polyploidy, interspecific hybridisation and evolution. I am particularly interested in how new species evolve through hybridisation, i.e. how two species can come together to form a new species with genetic information from both parent species. This process is now known to be very common, particularly in the flowering plants, and is responsible for many of our agriculturally significant food crops. Examples of hybrid or many-genome (polyploid) species include wheat, potato, sugarcane, banana and canola.

The Brassica genus, which includes many important crops such as canola, broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower, turnip and mustards, provides an excellent model with which to explore the process of hybrid species formation. The species which comprises canola (B. napus), for instance, is an evolutionary hybrid between the species containing our cultivated cabbages (B. oleracea) and the species containing turnip, buk choy and other related vegetable types (B. rapa).

By investigating how hybrid species form, I hope to work out how to utilise these natural evolutionary processes for human agricultural benefit, making new Brassica crop types for food, oil and biofuel. Hybridisation and genome doubling are processes which often result in increased vigour and ability to exploit different environmental niches in nature. Hence, if we can harness these processes to produce new hybrid species, such species may have a wider tolerance of environmental conditions such as heat, drought and disease, which would be beneficial to human agriculture.


Curriculum Vitae

2015 – 2020: Emmy Noether research group leader at Justus Liebig University, Giessen

2017: Habilitation (Justus Liebig University, Giessen)

2012 – 2014: Discovery Early Career Researcher Award (DECRA) Fellow at The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia

2011 - 2011: Postdoctoral researcher at The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia

2010 – 2011: Australian Endeavour Research Fellow at Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, China

2007 – 2010: Doctor of Philosophy at The University of Western Australia, Perth


Skills/Expertise/Research Keywords

Molecular marker genotyping

Classical and molecular cytogenetics

Flow cytometry

Population genetics

Genomic analysis

Meiosis and chromosome inheritance

Polyploidy and interspecific hybridization

Brassica


Selected Publications

1. Mirzaghaderi G., Mason A.S. Revisiting Pivotal-Differential Genome Evolution in Wheat (2017) Trends in Plant Science 22(8), 674-684

2. Mwathi M.W., Gupta M., Atri C., Banga S.S., Batley J., Mason A.S. (2017) Segregation for fertility and meiotic stability in novel Brassica allohexaploids. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 130 (4): 767-776 

3. Mason A.S., Rousseau-Gueutin M., Morice J., Bayer P.E., Besharat N., Cousin A., Pradhan A., Parkin I.A.P., Chèvre A.-M., Batley J., Nelson M.N. (2016) Centromere locations in Brassica A and C genomes revealed through half-tetrad analysis. Genetics 202, 513-523

4. Mason A.S., Batley J. (2015) Creating new interspecific hybrid and polyploid crops. Trends in Biotechnology 33 (8), 436-441

5. Mason A.S., Pires J.C. (2015) Unreduced gametes: meiotic mishap or evolutionary mechanism? Trends in Genetics 31 (1), 5-10


Grants

2017 - 2020 DFG - "Towards new Brassica crops: genetic improvement of Brassica hexaploids"

2017 - 2020 DFG - "Recreating Genomically Stable Rapeseed"

2015 - 2020 DFG Emmy Noether - "Hybrid Speciation in Brassica"

2013 - 2016 Australia-India Strategic Research Fund: Biotechnology - "Creating a new Brassica crop species for food and biofuel"

2013 - 2013 University of Queensland Early Career Researcher Award - "Evolution of species through chromosome change"

2012 - 2014 Australian Research Council Discovery Early Career Researcher Award (ARC DECRA): "New Brassica crop species through evolutionary breeding"


Awards and Scholarships

2013 CASS Foundation Travel grant

2012 AAS - France-Australia Science Innovation Collaboration (FASIC) Program Early Career Fellowships

2012 Grains Research and Development Council (GRDC) Travel Award

2010 Australian Endeavour Research Fellowship

2009 School of Plant Biology Postgraduate Conference prize for best student presentation

2009 Convocation Postgraduate Travel Award

2008 Mike Carroll Travelling Fellowship

2007 Canola Breeders Western Australia (CBWA) prize for best student presentation

2006 Value Added Wheat CRC 4th year/Honours student prize


Links

Google Scholar Profile

Research Gate Profile


Contact Details

Dr. Annaliese S. Mason

IFZ Room B210

Plant Breeding Department

IFZ Research Centre for Biosystems, Land Use and Nutrition

Justus Liebig University

Heinrich-Buff-Ring 26-32

35392 Giessen, Germany

Tel: +49 641 99 37542

E-Mail: annaliese.mason@agrar.uni-giessen.de