Document Actions


Developmental Psychology - Childhood and Adolescence by Martin Pinquart , Gudrun Schwarzer and Peter Zimmermann. Published: January, 2019.
Please click on the book cover for the table of contents and a reading excerpt (in German):




Developmental Psychology of Childhood by Gudrun Schwarzer. Published: December, 2015.

Please click on the book cover for the table of contents and a reading excerpt (in German) :



In press

Götz, A., Krasotkina, A., Schwarzer, G., & Höhle, B. (in press). Asymmetries in infants’ vowel perception: Changes in vowel
discrimination in German learning 6- and 9-month-old infants. Language and Speech. doi 10.1177/00238309241228237


Schwarzer, G., & Jovanovic, B. (in press). Infants' predictive minds: The role of motor experience. Child Development Perspectives.



Bahn, D., Sommer, J., Schwarzer, G. & Kauschke, C. (2023). Granularity in the narration of emotional events in childhood and adulthood. Kindheit und Entwicklung, 32(2), 1-12.


Dillmann, J. (2023). The motor and cognitive development of children with congenital internal strabismus. Orthoptik-Pleoptik, 46.


Dillmann. J., Evertz, J., Krasotkina, A., Clerc, O., Pascalis, O., & Schwarzer, G. (under revision). Older infants’ social learning behavior under uncertainty is modulated by the interaction of face and speech processing. Infancy.


Faßbender, L., Krause, D., & Weigelt, M. (2023). Feedback processing in cognitive and motor tasks: A meta- analysis on the feedback- related negativity. Psychophysiology, 00, e14439.


Linka, M., Sensoy, Ö., Karimpur, H., Schwarzer, G., & de Haas, Benjamin. Free viewing biases for complex scenes in preschoolers and adults. Sci Rep, 13, 11803 (2023).


Preißler, L., Keck, J., Krüger, B., Munzert, J., & Schwarzer, G. (2023). Recognition of emotional body language from dyadic and monadic point-light displays in 5-year-old children and adults. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 235, 105713. 



Degé F., Patscheke H., & Schwarzer G. (2022). The influence of music training on motoric inhibition in German preschool children. Musicae Scientiae26(1), 172-184.


Dillmann, J.*, Sensoy, Ö.*, & Schwarzer, G. (2022). Perental perceived stress and its consequences on early social-emotional child development during COVID-19 pandemic. Journal of Early Childhood Research.

*shared first authorship


Frischen, U., Degé, F., & Schwarzer, G. (2022). The relation between rhythm processing and cognitive abilities: The role of prediction. Frontiers in Psychology, 13:920513.


Frischen, U., Schwarzer, G. & Degé, F. (2022). Music training and executive functions in adults and children: What role do hot executive functions play?. Zeitschrift für Erziehungswissenschaft.


Gehb, G., Jovanovic, B., Kelch, A., & Schwarzer, G. (2022): The influence of active and passive motion experience on infants' visual prediction abilty. Perceptual and Motor Skills, (online first).


Gehb, G., Vesker, M., Jovanovic, B., Bahn, D., Kauschke, C., & Schwarzer, G. (2022). The Relationship between Crawling and Emotion Discrimination in 9- to 10-Month-Old Infants. Brain Science, 12(4), 479.


Schwarzer, G., Gehb, G., Kelch, A., Gerhard-Samunda, T., & Jovanovic, B. (2022). Locomotion training contributes to 6-month-old infants' mental rotation ability. Human Movement Science, 85, 102979.




Bahn, D., Vesker, M.Schwarzer, G., & Kauschke, C. (2021). A multimodal comparison of emotion categorization abilities in children with developmental language disorder. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research64(3), 993-1007.


Buren, V., Degé, F., & Schwarzer, G. (2021). Active music making facilitates prosocial behaviour in 18-month-old children. Musicae Scientiae25(4), 449-464.


Clerc, O., Fort, M., Schwarzer, G.Krasotkina, A., Vilain, A., Meary, D., Lœvenbruck, H., & Pascalis, O. (2021). Can language modulate perceptual narrowing for faces? Other-race face recognition in infants is modulated by language experience. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 46(2), 83–90.


Dillmann, J.Freitag, C., Lorenz, B., Holve, K., Schweinfurth, S., & Schwarzer, G. (2021). Motor and visual-spatial cognitive abilities in children treated for infantile esotropia. Perceptual and Motor Skills128(4), 1443-1463.


Frischen, U.Schwarzer, G., & Degé, F. (2021). Music lessons enhance executive functions in 6- to 7-year-old children. Learning and Instruction74, 101442.


Gerhard, T. M., Culham, J. C., & Schwarzer, G. (2021). Manual exploration of objects is related to 7-month-old infants’ visual preference for real objects. Infant Behavior and Development62, 101512.


Gerhard-Samunda, T.M.Jovanovic, B., & Schwarzer, G. (2021). Role of manually-generated visual cues in crawling and non-crawling 9-month-old infants’ mental rotation. Cognitive Development, 59, 101053. 


Hillairet de Boisferon, A., Kubicek, C., Gervain, J., Schwarzer, G., Loevenbruck, H., Vilain, A., Fort, M., Meary, D., & Pascalis, O. (2021). Language familiarity influences own‐race face recognition in 9‐and 12‐month‐old infants. Infancy26(4), 647-659.


Jovanovic, B., Bezold, L., & Schwarzer, G. (2021). Children’s planning of efficient tool use in a social context. Developmental Psychobiology, 63(7), e22188.


Jovanovic, B., Filk, J., & Schwarzer, G. (2021). The influence of tool use experience on efficient grasping in children. European Journal of Developmental Psychology, 1-16.


Kelch, A., Schwarzer, G., Gehb, G., & Jovanovic, B. (2021). How 9-month-old crawling infants profit from visual-manual rotations in a mental rotation task. Infant Behavior and Development, 65, 101642.


Krasotkina, A., Götz, A., Höhle, B., & Schwarzer, G. (2021). Bimodal familiarization re-sensitizes 12-month-old infants to other-race faces. Infant Behavior and Development, 62, 101502.


Krasotkina, A., Götz, A., Höhle, B., & Schwarzer, G. (2021). Perceptual narrowing in face- and speech-perception domains in infancy: A longitudinal approach. Infant Behavior and Development, 64, 101607.


Preißler, L.Jovanovic, B., Munzert, J., Schmidt, F., Fleming, R. W., & Schwarzer, G. (2021). Effects of visual and visual-haptic perception of material rigidity on reaching and grasping in the course of development. Acta Psychologica221, 103457.


Sensoy, Ö., Culham, J. C., & Schwarzer, G. (2021). The advantage of real objects over matched pictures in infants' processing of the familiar size of objects. Infant and Child Development30(4), e2234.


Vesker, M., Bahn, D., Kauschke, C., & Schwarzer, G. (2021). Developmental changes in gaze behavior and the effects of auditory emotion word priming in emotional face categorization. Multisensory Research, 35(2), 109-129.




Daum, M.M., Greve, W., Pauen, S., Schuhrke, B., & Schwarzer, G. (2020) Position paper of the developmental psychology section: Attempting to determine the location. Psychological Review, 71(1), 15-23. 


Degé, F., Müllensiefen, D. & Schwarzer, G. (2020). Singing Abilities and Phonological Awareness in 9- to 12-Year-Old Children (Singfähigkeit und Phonologische Bewusstheit bei 9- bis 12-Jährigen Kindern). Jahrbuch Musikpsychologie, 29, e66.


Gerhard, T. M., Culham, J. C., & Schwarzer, G. (2021). Manual exploration of objects is related to 7-month-old infants’ visual preference for real objects. Infant Behavior and Development62, 101512.


Krasotkina, A., Götz, A., Höhle, B., & Schwarzer, G. (2020). Infants' gaze patterns for same-race and other-race faces, and the other-race effect. Brain Sciences10(6), 331.


Sensoy, Ö., Culham, J.C., & Schwarzer, G. (2020). Do infants show knowledge of the familiar size of everyday objects? Journal of Experimental Child Psychology195, 104848.


Vesker, M., Bahn, D., Kauschke, C., Neumann, M., Sweitzer, C., & Schwarzer, G. (2020) Investigating the effects of embodiment on emotional categorization of faces and words in children and adults. Frontiers in Psychology, 10, 2871.




Dillmann, J.Gehb, G., Peterlein, C.D., & Schwarzer, G. (2019). Joint visual attention and locomotor experience: A longitudinal study of infants with treated idiopathic clubfoot. Infant and Child Development28(2), e2118.


Dillmann, J.Schwarzer, G., & Peterlein, CD. (2019). Motor and cognitive functioning in children treated for idiopathic clubfoot at the age of 3 years. BMC Pediatrics19, 394.


Frischen, U.Schwarzer, G., & Degé, F. (2019). Comparing the effects of rhythm-based music training and pitch-based music training on executive functions in preschoolers. Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience13, 1-11.


Gehb, G.Kubicek, C.Jovanovic, B., & Schwarzer, G. (2019). The positive influence of manual object exploration on predictive grasping for a moving object in 9-month-old infants. Journal of Vision19(14):13, 1-15.


Kauschke C., Bahn D., Vesker M., & Schwarzer G. (2019). The role of emotional valence for the processing of facial and verbal stimuli — positivity or negativity bias? Frontiers in Psychology, 10, 1654. 


Kubicek, C.Gehb, G.Jovanovic, B., & Schwarzer, G. (2019). Training of 7-month-old infants' manual object exploration skills: Effects of active and observational experience.  Infant Behavior and Development, 57, 101353.


Patscheke, H.Degé, F., & Schwarzer, G. (2019). The effects of training in rhythm and pitch on phonological awareness in four-to six-year-old children. Psychology of Music47(3), 376-391.


Pinquart, M., Schwarzer, G., & Zimmermann, P. (2019). Developmental Psychology - Childhood and Adolescence (2nd ed.). Göttingen, Germany: Hogrefe.


Vesker, M., Bahn, D., Degé, F., Kauschke, C., & Schwarzer, G. (2019). Identification of emotional facial expressions in a lab and over the internet.  Psychology, Journal of the HSE, 16(3), 571-583. doi:10.17323/1813-8918-2019-3-571-583




Bahn, D., Vesker, M.Schwarzer, G., & Kauschke, C. (2018). Perception of valence and arousal in German emotion terms – A comparison between 9-year-old children and adults. Applied Psycholinguistics39(3), 463-481.


Billino, J., van Belle, G., Rossion, B., & Schwarzer, G. (2018). The nature of individual face recognition in preschool children: Insights from a gaze-contingent paradigm. Cognitive Development, 47, 168-180.


Degé, F., & Schwarzer, G. (2018). The influence of an extended music curriculum at school on academic self-concept in 9-to 11-year-old children. Musicae Scientiae22(3), 305-321.


Dillmann, J., Peterlein, CD., & Schwarzer, G. (2018). A longitudinal study of motor and cognitive development in infants with congenital idiopathic clubfoot. Journal of Motor Learning and Development, 6(1), 24-43.


Gerhard, T. M. & Schwarzer G. (2018). Impact of rotation angle on crawling and non-crawling 9-month-old infants’ mental rotation ability. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 170, 45-56.


Götz, A., Yeung, H., Krasotkina, A.Schwarzer, G., & Höhle, B. (2018). Perceptual Reorganization of lexical tones: Effects of age and experimental procedure. Frontiers in Psychology, 9, 477.


Kliem, S., Heinrichs, N., Lohmann, A., Bussing, R., Schwarzer, G., & Briegel, W. (2018). Dimensional latent structure of early disruptive behavior disorders: A taxometric analysis in preschoolers. Journal of abnormal child psychology46(7), 1385-1394.


Krasotkina, A., Götz, A., Höhle, B., & Schwarzer, G. (2018). Perceptual narrowing in speech and face recognition: Evidence for intra-individual cross-domain relations. Frontiers in Psychology91711


Kubicek, C., Gervain, J., Loevenbruck, H., Pascalis, O., & Schwarzer, G. (2018). Goldilocks vs. Goldlöckchen: Visual speech preference for same-rhythm-class languages in 6-month-old infants. Infant and Child Development, 27(4), e2084.


Kubicek, C., & Schwarzer, G. (2018). On the relation between infants’ spatial object processing and their motor skills. Journal of Motor Learning and Development, 6(1), S6-S23.


Lamm, B., Keller, H., Teiser, J., Gudi, H., Yovsi, R., Freitag, C., Poloczek, S., Fassbender, I., Suhrke, J., Teubert, M., Vöhringer, I., Knopf, M., Schwarzer, G., & Lohaus, A. (2018). Waiting for the second treat: Developing culture-specific modes of self-regulation. Child Development89(3), 261-277.


Schwarzer, G.Jovanovic, B.Kubicek, C., & Hegele, M. (2018).  Introduction: Object processing and motor development. Journal of Motor Learning and Development, 6(1), S1-S5.


Schwarzer, G.Jovanovic, B.Kubicek, C., & Hegele, M. (2018). Object processing and motor development. Supplemental Issue, Journal of Motor Learning and Development, 6(S1).


Vesker, M., Bahn, D., Degé, F., Kauschke, C., & Schwarzer, G. (2018). Developmental changes in the categorical processing of positive and negative facial expressions. PLoS ONE 13(8), e0201521. 


Vesker, M., Bahn, D., Kauschke, C., Tschense, M., Dege, F., & Schwarzer, G. (2018). Auditory emotion word primes influence emotional face categorization in children and adults, but not vice versa. Frontiers in Psychology9, 618.


Vöhringer, I. A., Kolling, T., Graf, F., Poloczek, S., Fassbender, I., Freitag, C., Lamm, B. Suhrke, J., Teiser, J., Teubert, M., Keller, H., Lohaus, A., Schwarzer, G., & Knopf, M. (2018). The development of implicit memory from infancy to childhood: on average performance levels and inter-individual differences. Child Development89(2), 370-382.




Bahn, D., Vesker, M.Schwarzer, G., & Kauschke, C. (2017). Age-dependent positivity bias in children’s perception of emotion terms. Frontiers in Psychology8, 1268.


Degé, F., & Schwarzer, G. (2017). Music lessons and verbal memory in 10- to 12-year-old children: Investigating articulatory rehearsal as mechanism underlying this association. Psychomusicology: Music, Mind, and Brain, 27(4), 256–266.


Dillmann, J.Freitag, C., Holve, K., Schweinfurth, S., Lorenz, B., & Schwarzer, G. (2017). Die motorische Entwicklung von Kindern mit frühkindlichem Innenschielen. Klinische Monatsblätter für Augenheilkunde, 234(10), 1228-1234.


Jovanovic, B., & Schwarzer, G. (2017). The influence of grasping habits and object orientation on motor planning in children and adults. Developmental Psychobiology59(8), 949-957.


Jovanovic, B., & Schwarzer, G. (2017). The development of the grasp-height effect as a measure of efficient action planning in children. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 153, 74-82.


Kauschke C., Bahn, D., Vesker, M., & Schwarzer, G. (2017). Die semantische Repräsentation von Emotionsbegriffen bei Kindern im Grundschulalter. Kindheit und Entwicklung26, 251-260.


Kubicek, C.Jovanovic, B., & Schwarzer, G. (2017). How manual object exploration is associated with 7- to 8-month-old infants’ visual prediction abilities in spatial object processing. Infancy, 22, 857-873.


Kubicek, C.Jovanovic, B., & Schwarzer, G. (2017). The relation between crawling and 9-month-old infants’ visual prediction abilities in spatial object processing. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 158, 64-76.


Ransburg, N., Reiser, M., Munzert, J., Jovanovic, B., & Schwarzer, G. (2017). Concurrent anticipation of two object dimensions during grasping in 10-month-old infants: A quantitative analysis. Infant Behavior and Development, 42, 164-174.


Vesker, M., Bahn, D., Degé, F., Kauschke, C., & Schwarzer, G. (2017). Perceiving arousal and valence in facial expressions: Differences between children and adults. European Journal of Developmental Psychology15(4), 411-425.




Degé, F.Patscheke, H., & Schwarzer, G. (2016). Associations between two measures of music aptitude: Are the IMMA and the AMMA significantly correlated in a sample of 9- to 13-year-old children? Musicae Scientiae, 21(4), 465-478.


Degé, F., Schwarzer, G. (2016). Der Einfluss von musikalischem Training auf die Entwicklung der phonologischen Bewusstheit im Vorschulalter. Frühe Bildung, 5(3), 150-156.


Gerhard, T.M., Culham, J.C., & Schwarzer, G. (2016). Distinct visual processing of real objects and pictures of those objects in 7- to 9-month-old infants. Frontiers in Psychology, 7, 827.


Patscheke, H.Degé, F., & Schwarzer, G. (2016). The effects of training in music and phonological skills on phonological awareness in 4-to 6-year-old children of immigrant families. Frontiers in Psychology7, 1647.




Degé, F.Kubicek, C., & Schwarzer, G. (2015). Associations between musical abilities and precursors of reading in preschool aged children. Frontiers in Psychology: Auditory Cognitive Neuroscience, 6, 1220.


Degé, F., & Schwarzer, G. (2015). Musik und kognitive Entwicklung. In G. Bernatzky & G. Kreutz (Hrsg.). Musik und Medizin. Springer Verlag. pp. 360-373.


Lamm, B., Gudi, H., Fassbender, I., Freitag, C., Graf, F., Goertz, C., Spangler, S., Teubert, M., Knopf, M., Lohaus, A., Schwarzer, G., & Keller, H. (2015). Rural NSO and German middle-class mothers’ interaction with their 3- and 6-month-old infants: A longitudinal cross-cultural analysis. Journal of Family Psychology29(4), 649 - 655.


Schwarzer, G., & Freitag, C. (2015). Face perception development during early childhood. In: James D. Wright (editor-in-chief), International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences, 2nd edition, Vol 8. Oxford: Elsevier. pp. 650–657.


Schwarzer, G., & Jovanovic, B. (2015). Entwicklungspsychologie der Kindheit. In M. Hasselhorn, W. Kunde & S. Schneider (Hrsg.), Standards Psychologie. Stuttgart: Kohlhammer.


Suhrke, J.Freitag, C., Lamm, B., Teiser, J., Poloczek, S., Fassbender, I., Teubert, M., Voehringer, I., Keller, H., Knopf, M., Lohaus, A., & Schwarzer, G. (2015). Experience with headwear influences the other-race effect in 4-year-old children. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 137, 156-163.


Teubert M., Lohaus A., Faßbender I., Vöhringer, I. A., Suhrke, J., Poloczek, S., Freitag, C., Lamm, B., Teiser, J., Keller, H., Knopf, M., & Schwarzer, G. (2015). Moderation of stimulus Material on the prediction of IQ with infants' performance in the visual expectation paradigm: Do greebles make the task more challenging? Infant and Child Development, 24(5), 522-537.


Vöhringer, I., Graf, F., Poloczek, S., Lamm, B., Teiser, J., Fassbender, I., Freitag, C.Suhrke, J., Teubert, M., Keller, H., Lohaus, A., Schwarzer, G., & Knopf, M. (2015). Is perceptual priming affected by culture? A study with German middle-class and Cameroonian Nso farmer children. The Journal of Genetic Psychology, 176(3), 156-170.




Degé, F., & Schwarzer, G. (2014). Musikalische Fähigkeiten. In A. Lohaus & M. Glüer (Hrsg.). Entwicklungsförderung im Kindesalter (S.221-237). Göttingen: Hogrefe Verlag GmbH & Co KG.


Degé, F., Wehrum, S., Stark, R., & Schwarzer, G. (2014). Music lessons and academic self-concept in 12- to 14-year-old children. Musicae Scientiae, 18(2), 203-215.


Fassbender, I., Lohaus, A., Thomas, H., Teubert, M., Vierhaus, M., Lamm, B., Freitag, C., Graf, F., Keller, H., Schwarzer, G., & Knopf., M. (2014). African versus caucasian faces in a visual expectation paradigm: A longitudinal study with german and cameroonian infants. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology45(8), 1273-1287.


Graf, F., Borchert, S., Lamm, B., Goertz, C., Kolling, T., Fassbender, I., Teubert, M., Vierhaus, M., Freitag, C., Spangler, S., Keller, H., Lohaus, A., Schwarzer, G., & Knopf, M. (2014). Imitative learning of Nso and German infants at 6 and 9 months of age: Evidence for a cross-cultural learning tool. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology45(1), 47-61.


Heinrichs, N., Bussing, R., Henrich, E., Schwarzer, G., & Briegel, W. (2014). Die Erfassung expansiven Verhaltens mit der deutschen Version des Eyberg Child Behavior Inventory (ECBI). Diagnostica, 60(4), 197-210.


Jovanovic, B., & Drewing, K. (2014). The influence of intersensory discrepancy on visuo-haptic integration is similar in 6-year-old children and adults. Frontiers in Psychology: Cognition5, 57.


Kolling, T., Lamm B., Vierhaus M., Knopf, M., Lohaus, A., Fassbender, I., Freitag, C., Graf, F., Teubert, M., Schwarzer, G., & Keller, H. (2014). Differential development of motor abilities in western middle-class and cameroonian nso infants. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 45(9), 1502-1508.


Kubicek, C., Gervain, J., Hillairet de Boisferon, A., Pascalis, O., Loevenbruck, H., & Schwarzer, G. (2014). The influence of infant-directed speech on 12-month-olds’ intersensory perception of fluent speech. Infant Behavior & Development37(4), 644-651.


Kubicek, C., Hillairet de Boisferon, A., Dupierrix, E., Pascalis, O., Loevenbruck, H., Gervain, J., & Schwarzer, G. (2014). Cross-modal matching of audio-visual German and French fluent speech in infancy. PLoS ONE 9(2), e89275.


Lamm, B., Gudi, H., Freitag, C., Teubert, M., Graf, F., Fassbender, I., Schwarzer, G., Lohaus, A., Knopf, M., & Keller, H. (2014). Mother-infant interactions at home and in a laboratory setting – A comparative analysis in two cultural contexts. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 45(6), 843-852.


Lohaus, A., Lamm, B., Keller, H., Teubert, M., Fassbender, I., Glüer, M. Borchert, S., Vöhringer, I., Teiser, J., Freitag, C.Suhrke, J., Knopf, M., & Schwarzer, G. (2014). Gross and fine motor differences between Cameroonian and German children aged 3 to 40 months: Results of a cross-cultural longitudinal study. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology45(8), 1328-1341.


Schwarzer, G. (2014). How motor and visual experience shape infants' processing of objects and faces. Child Development Perspectives, 8(4), 213-217.


Suhrke, J.Freitag, C., Lamm, B., Teiser, J., Fassbender, I., Poloczek, S., Teubert, M., Voehringer, I. A., Keller, H., Knopf, M., & Schwarzer, G. (2014). The other-race effect in 3-year-old German and Cameroonian children. Frontiers in Psychology: Developmental Psychology, 5, 198.


Teiser, J., Lamm, B., Böning, M., Graf, F., Gudi, H., Goertz, C., Fassbender, I., Freitag, C.Spangler, S., Teubert, M., Lohaus, A., Schwarzer, G., Knopf, M., & Keller, H. (2014). Deferred Imitation in 9-month-olds: How do model and task characteristics matter across cultures? International Journal of Behavioral Development, 38(3), 247-254.




Degé, F.Kubicek, C., & Schwarzer, G. (2013). Entwicklungspsychologische Aspekte der Sexualität. In: A.-V. Stirn, R. Stark, K. Tabbert, S. Wehrum-Osinsky und S. Oddo (Hrsg.). Sexualität, Körper und Neurobiologie: Grundlagen und Störungsbilder im interdisziplinären Fokus (S. 35-45). Stuttgart: Kohlhammer.


Freitag, C., & Schwarzer, G. (2013). Die Wahrnehmung und Wiedererkennung von Gesichtern im Säuglings- und Kleinkindalter. Frühförderung interdisziplinär, 32(3), 160-168.


Kubicek, C., Hillairet de Boisferon, A., Dupierrix, E., Loevenbruck, H., Gervain, J., & Schwarzer, G. (2013). Face-scanning behavior to silently talking faces in 12-month-old infants: The impact of pre-exposed auditory speech. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 37, 105-109.


Schwarzer, G., & Degè, F. (2013). Theorien der Wahrnehmungsentwicklung. In L. Ahnert (Hg.), Theorien in der Entwicklungspsychologie (pp. 94-173). Heidelberg: Springer.


Schwarzer, G.Freitag, C., Buckel, R., & Lofruthe, A. (2013). Crawling is associated with mental rotation ability by 9-month-old infants. Infancy 18(3), 432-441.


Schwarzer, G.Freitag, C., & Schum, N. (2013). How crawling and manual object exploration are related to the mental rotation abilities of 9-month-old infants. Frontiers in Psychology, 4, 97.


Spangler, S. M.Schwarzer, G.Freitag, C., Vierhaus, M., Teubert, M., Lamm, B., Kolling, T., Graf, F., Goertz, C., Fassbender, I., Lohaus, A., Knopf, M., & Keller., H. (2013). The other-race effect in a longitudinal sample of 3-, 6- and 9-month-old infants: Evidence of a training effect. Infancy, 18(4), 516-533.


Van Belle, G., Billino, J., Rossion, B., & Schwarzer, G. (2013). The nature of 5-year-old children’s holistic face processing: Evidence from eye-gaze contingency. Journal of Vision13(9), 95.




Fassbender, I., Lohaus, A., Thomas, H., Teubert, M., Vierhaus, M., Spangler, S.M., Kolling, T., Goertz, C., Graf, F., Lamm, B., Gudi, H., Freitag, C., Keller, H., Knopf, M., & Schwarzer, G. (2012). Association learning with own- and other-race faces in three- and six-month-old infants - A longitudinal study. Infant and Child Development, 21(4), 325-337.


Graf, F., Lamm, B., Goertz, C., Kolling, T., Freitag, C.Spangler, S., Fassbender, I., Teubert, M., Vierhaus, M., Keller, H., Lohaus, A., Schwarzer, G., & Knopf, M. (2012). Infant contingency learning in different cultural contexts. Infant and Child Development21(5), 458-473.


Schum, N., Franz, V.H., Jovanovic, B., & Schwarzer, G. (2012). Object processing in visual perception and action in children and adults. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 112(2), 161-177.


Teubert, M., Lohaus, A., Fassbender, I., Vierhaus, M., Spangler, S., Borchert, S., Freitag, C., Goertz, C., Graf, F., Gudi, H., Kolling, T., Lamm, B., Keller, H., Knopf, M., & Schwarzer, G. (2012). The influence of stimulus material on attention and performance in the visual expectation paradigm: A longitudinal study with 3- and 6-month-old infants. International Journal of Behavioral Development36(5), 374-380.




Degé, F.Kubicek, C., & Schwarzer, G. (2011). Music lessons and intelligence: A relation mediated by executive functions. Music Perception, 29, 195–201.


Degé, F., & Schwarzer, G. (2011). The effect of a music program on phonological awareness in preschoolers. Frontiers in Psychology2, 124.


Degé, F., Wehrum, S., Stark, R., & Schwarzer, G. (2011). The influence of two years of school music training in secondary school on visual and auditory memory. European Journal of Developmental Psychology8(5), 608-623.


Freitag, C., & Schwarzer, G. (2011). How emotional facial expressions influence face recognition in 3- and 5-year-old children. Cognitive Development, 26, 230-247


Jovanovic, B., & Schwarzer, G. (2011). Learning to grasp efficiently: the development of motor planning and the role of observational learning. Vision Research, 51(8), 945-954.


Jovanovic, B. & Schwarzer, G. (2011). Entwicklung der Wahrnehmung. In H. Keller (Ed.), Handbuch der Kleinkindforschung (4. Aufl., S. 518-544). Bern: Huber.


Keller, H., Knopf, M., Lohaus, A., & Schwarzer, G. (Hrsg., 2011). Themenheft zur Säuglingsforschung. Psychologische Rundschau, 62(2).


Krebs, J., Biswas, A., Pascalis, O., Kamp-Becker, I., Remschmidt, H., & Schwarzer, G. (2011). Face processing in children with autism spectrum disorder - independent or interactive processing of facial identity and facial expression? Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 41(6), 796-804.


Lohaus, A., Keller, H. Fassbender, I., Freitag, C., Goertz, C., Graf, F., Kolling, T., Lamm, B., Spangler, S., Teubert, M., Knopf, M., & Schwarzer, G. (2011). Infant development in two cultural contexts: Cameroonian Nso farmer and German middle class infants. Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology, 29(2), 148-161.


Macchi Cassia, V., Turati, C., & Schwarzer, G. (2011). Sensitivity to spacing changes in faces and non-face objects in preschool-aged children and adults. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 109(4), 454-467.


Maier-Karius, J. & Schwarzer, G. (2011). Die Beziehung zwischen Tonalitätsverstehen und kognitiven Fähigkeiten. In W.Anhagen, C.Bullerjahn, & H.Höge (Hrsg.), Jahrbuch der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Musikpsychologie, Musikpsychologie und Musikselektion (S.164-184). Göttingen: Hogrefe.


Pinquart, M., Schwarzer, G., & Zimmermann, P. (2011, Eds.). Entwicklungspsychologie- Kindes-Jugendalter. Göttingen: Hogrefe.


Schum, N.Jovanovic, B., & Schwarzer, G. (2011). Ten- and twelve-month-olds´ visual anticipation of orientation and size during grasping. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 109(2), 218-231.


Schwarzer, G. (2011). Methoden der Entwicklungspsychologie. In M. Pinquart, G. Schwarzer & P. Zimmermann (Eds.), Entwicklungspsychologie - Kindes-Jugendalter (pp. 41-61). Göttingen: Hogrefe.


Schwarzer, G. (2011). Entwicklung von Wahrnehmung und Motorik. In M. Pinquart, G. Schwarzer & P. Zimmermann (Eds.), Entwicklungspsychologie - Kindes-Jugendalter (pp. 63-82). Göttingen: Hogrefe.


Schwarzer, G. (2011). Entwicklung des Denkens. In M. Pinquart, G. Schwarzer & P. Zimmermann (Eds.), Entwicklungspsychologie - Kindes-Jugendalter (pp. 83-107). Göttingen: Hogrefe.


Schwarzer, G. (2011). Entwicklung der Informationsverarbeitung. In M. Pinquart, G. Schwarzer & P. Zimmermann (Eds.), Entwicklungspsychologie - Kindes-Jugendalter (pp. 109-129). Göttingen: Hogrefe.


Schwarzer, G. (2011). Entwicklung der Sprache. In M. Pinquart, G. Schwarzer & P. Zimmermann (Eds.), Entwicklungspsychologie - Kindes-Jugendalter (pp. 131-153). Göttingen: Hogrefe.


Schwarzer, G., & Degé, F. (2011). Entwicklung musikalischer Fähigkeiten. In H. Keller (Hrsg.), Handbuch der Kleinkindforschung, 4. Auflage (722-742). Bern: Verlag Hans Huber, Hogrefe.


Schwarzer, G.Spangler, S., & Freitag, C. (2011). Entwicklung der Verarbeitung von Gesichtern. In H. Keller (Hrsg.), Handbuch der Kleinkindforschung (pp. 490-515), 4. Überarbeitete Auflage. Verlag Hans Huber, Hogrefe AG, Berlin.


Schwarzer, G., Wehrum, S., Degé, F., & Stark, R. (2011). Neurokognitive Entwicklung und Musikunterricht. In A. Heine & A.M. Jacobs (Hrsg.), Lehr-Lern-Forschung unter neurowissenschaftlicher Perspektive (S.131-146). Münster: Waxmann.


Spangler, S.Freitag, C., Jäger, K., & Schwarzer, G. (2011). Faktoren der Gesichtserkennung im ersten Lebensjahr. Psychologische Rundschau, 62(2), 61-69.


Spangler, S.Freitag, C.Schwarzer, G., Vierhaus, M., Teubert, M., Lamm, B., Kolling, T., Graf, F., Goertz, C., Fassbender, I., Lohaus, A., Knopf, M., & Keller, H. (2011). Recognition of faces and Greebles in 3-month-old infants: Influence of temperament and cognitive abilities. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 35(5), 432–440.


Vierhaus, M., Lohaus, A., Kolling, T., Teubert, M., Keller, H., Fassbender, I., Freitag, C., Goertz, C., Graf, F., Lamm, B., Spangler, S.M., Knopf, M., & Schwarzer, G. (2011). The development of 3- to 9-month-old infants in two cultural contexts: Bayley longitudinal results for Cameroonian and German infants. European Journal of Developmental Psychology, 8(3), 349-366.


Wehrum, S., Degé, F., Ott, U., Walter, B., Stippekohl, B., Kagerer, S., Schwarzer, G., Vaitl, D., & Stark, R. (2011). Can you hear a difference? Neuronal correlates of melodic deviance processing in children. Brain Research, 1402, 80-92.




Drewing, K., & Jovanovic, B. (2010). Visuo-haptic length judgments in children and adults. In A.M.C. Kappers, J.B.F. van Erp, W.M. Bergmann Tiest, & F.C.T. van der Helm (eds.), Haptics: generating and perceiving tangible sensations. Proceedings of the Eurohaptics 2010 (pp. 438-444). Berlin: Springer.


Groß, C., & Schwarzer, G. (2010). The generalization of facial identity over different viewpoints in seven- and nine-month-old infants: The role of facial expression. International Journal of Human Development, 34(5), 417-426.


Schwarzer, G., & Jovanovic, B. (2010). The relationship between processing facial identity and emotional expression in 8-month-old infants. Infancy, 15(1), 1-18.


Schwarzer, G., Kretzer, M., Wimmer, D., & Jovanovic, B. (2010). Holistic face processing among school children, younger and older adults. European Journal of Developmental Psychology, 7(4), 511-518.


Spangler, S. M.Schwarzer, G., Korell, M., & Maier-Karius, J. (2010). The relationships between processing facial identity, emotional expression, facial speech, and gaze direction during development. Journal of experimental child psychology105(1-2), 1-19.




Jovanovic, B., & Schwarzer, G. (2009). Infants segment actions into basic movement-effect units. Zeitschrift für Entwicklungspsychologie und Pädagogische Psychologie, 41(4), 225-232.


Pascalis, O., Kelly, D., & Schwarzer, G. (2009). Neural bases of the development of face processing. In M. de Haan & M. Gunnar (Eds.), Handbook of social neuroscience (pp. 63-86). New York: Guilford Publications.


Schwarzer, G. (2009, Hrsg.). Wahrnehmung und Handlung in früher Kindheit. Themenheft der Zeitschrift für Entwicklungspsychologie und Pädagogische Psychologie.


Schwarzer, G.Jovanovic, B.Schum, N., & Dümmler, T. (2009). Analytische und konfigurale Verarbeitung von Objekten im Säuglingsalter: Die Rolle selbst induzierter Fortbewegung und manueller Exploration. Zeitschrift für Entwicklungspsychologie und Pädagogische Psychologie, 41(4), 189-197


Wehrum, S., Degé, F.Schwarzer, G., & Stark, R. (2009). Positive Wirkung von Musik auf Lernverhalten und Emotionen. In Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (Hrsg.), Pauken mit Trompeten Bildungsforschung Band 32. Bonn, Berlin: Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung.




Aschersleben, G., Hofer, T., & Jovanovic, B. (2008). The link between infant attention to goal-directed action and later theory of mind abilities. Developmental Science, 11(6), 862-868.


Duemmler, T., Franz, V. H., Jovanovic, B., & Schwarzer, G. (2008). Effects of the Ebbinghaus illusion on children's perception and grasping. Experimental Brain Research186(2), 249-260.


Duemmler, T., Schöberl, P., & Schwarzer, G. (2008). Development of visual center of mass localization for grasp point selection. Cognitive Development23, 370-384.


Jovanovic, B.Duemmler, T., & Schwarzer, G. (2008). Infant development of configural object processing in visual and visual-haptic contexts. Acta Psychologica, 129(3), 376-386.




Jovanovic, B., Kiraly, I., Elsner, B., Gergely, G., Prinz, W., & Aschersleben, G. (2007). The role of effects for infants’ perception of action goals. Psychologia, 50(4), 273-290.


Jovanovic, B., & Schwarzer, G. (2007). Infant perception of the relative relevance of different manual actions. European Journal of Developmental Psychology4(1), 111-125.


Krist, H., & Schwarzer, G. (2007). Entwicklung von Wahrnehmung und Aufmerksamkeit. In M. Hasselhorn & W. Schneider (Eds.), Handbuch der Psychologie, Entwicklungpsychologie. Göttingen: Hogrefe.


Maier-Karius, J., & Schwarzer, G. (2007). Die Entwicklung kognitiver Fähigkeiten in den ersten vier Lebensjahren. In M. Dartsch (Ed.), Musikalische Bildung von Anfang an. Bonn: VdM Verlag.


Schwarzer, G., & Jovanovic, B. (2007). Kleinkindalter. In M. Hasselhorn & W. Schneider (Eds.), Handbuch der Entwicklungspsychologie (pp. 153-163). Göttingen: Hogrefe.


Schwarzer, G., Zauner, N., & Jovanovic, B. (2007). Evidence of a shift from featural to configural face processing in infancy. Developmental Science10(4), 452-463.





Schwarzer, G. (2006). What has been learned about the development of face processing during the last decade? American Journal of Psychology119, 329-334. 


Schwarzer, G. (2006). Parallelen zwischen musikalischer und visueller Informationsverarbeitung im Kindesalter. In R. Schumacher: Macht Mozart schlau? Die Förderung kognitiver Kompetenzen durch Musik. Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung: Bildungsforschung Band 18.


Schwarzer, G., Huber, S., Grüter, M., Grüter, T., Groß. C., Hipfel, M., & Kennerknecht, I. (2006). Specific gaze behavior in hereditary prosopagnosia. Psychological Research71(5). 583-590.


Spangler, G., & Schwarzer, G. (2006). Kleinkindalter. Enzyklopädie der Psychologie, Band 4, Säuglings- und Kleinkindalter (pp. 152-201). Göttingen: Hogrefe.




Campbell, C. S., Schwarzer, G., & Massaro, D. W. (2001). Face perception: An information processing framework. In J. Townsend & M. Wenger (Eds.), Computational, geometric, and process perspectives on facial cognition: Contexts and challenges (pp. 285-345). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.


Golly, C., Blender, A., & Schwarzer, G. (2000). Prozesse der Objektkategorisierung im Entwicklungsverlauf – Unterschiede und Gemeinsamkeiten mit der Gesichterverarbeitung. Zeitschrift für Experimentelle Psychologie47, 269-280


Kiraly, I., Jovanovic, B., Prinz, W., Aschersleben, G., & Gergely, G. (2003). The early origins of goal attribution in infancy. Consciousness and Cognition, 12(4), 752-769.


Leder, H., Schwarzer, G., & Langton, S. (2003). Face processing in early adolescence. In G. Schwarzer & H. Leder (Eds.), The Development of Face Processing. Cambridge, MA: Hogrefe & Huber.


Pauli-Pott, U., Mertesacker, B., Bauer, C., & Beckmann, D. (2000). Context of relations of infant negative emotionality to caregiver’s reactivity/sensitivity. Infant Behavior and Development, 23, 23-39.


Schwarzer, G. (2005). Visuelle Wahrnehmung. Enzyklopädie der Psychologie, Band 2, Kognitive Entwicklung (S. 109-150). Göttingen: Hogrefe.


Schwarzer, G., & Bauer, C. (2005). Development of physiological correlates in face processing. Journal of Psychophysiology19(2), 144.


Schwarzer, G., Huber, S., & Dümmler, T. (2005). Gaze behavior in analytical and holistic face processing. Memory and Cognition, 33(2), 344-354.


Schwarzer, G. (2004). Gesichtsverarbeitung im Säuglingsalter. Jahrbuch der Max-Planck-Gesellschaft (S. 213-215). Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.


Schwarzer, G., & Leder, H. (Eds.), The Development of Face Processing. Cambridge, MA: Hogrefe & Huber.


Schwarzer, G. (2003). Informationsverarbeitung–Wissensentwicklung. Jahrbuch der Max-Planck-Gesellschaft. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.


Schwarzer, G., Korell, M., & Zauner, N. (2003). Face processing during the first year of life. In G. Schwarzer & H. Leder (Eds.), The Development of Face Processing. Cambridge, MA: Hogrefe & Huber.


Schwarzer, G., & Zauner, N. (2003). Face processing in 8-month-old infants: Evidence for configural and analytical processing. Vision Research43, 2783-2793.


Schwarzer, G. (2002). Entwicklung von Wahrnehmungsprozessen: Ein natürliches Labor menschlicher Informationsverarbeitung. Psychologische Rundschau53(1), 3-13.


Schwarzer, G. (2002). Zur Komplexität der analytischen Wahrnehmung: Eine Antwort auf Hauf. Psychologische Rundschau53(3), 135-138.


Schwarzer, G. (2002). Processing of facial and non-facial visual stimuli in 2-5-year-old children. Infant and Child Development11, 253-269.


Schwarzer, G. (2002). Prozesse der Gesichtserkennung im Entwicklungsverlauf. Jahrbuch der Max-Planck-Gesellschaft. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.


Schwarzer, G., & Roebers C. (2002). Children’s face recognition in different contexts: The role of encoding strategies. Perceptual and Motor Skills94, 281-295.


Schwarzer, G. (2001). Gesichterwahrnehmung: Evidenz für analytische oder holistische Verarbeitungsprozesse. In R. K. Silbereisen, & M. Reitzle (Hrsg.), Psychologie 2000 (S. 685-692). Lengerich: Pabst.


Schwarzer, G. (2001). Kognitive Entwicklung: Prozesse der Gesichtserkennung im Säuglingsalter. Jahrbuch der Max-Planck-Gesellschaft. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.


Schwarzer, G., & Korell, M. (2001). Gesichterwahrnehmung im Kleinkind- und Vorschulalter. Zeitschrift für Entwicklungspsychologie und Pädagogische Psychologie33, 78-90. doi:10.1026//0049-8637.33.2.78


Schwarzer, G., & Massaro, D. W. (2001). Modeling face identification processing in children and adults. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology79, 139-161.


Schwarzer, G. (2000). Development of face processing: The effect of face inversion. Child Development71, 391-401.


Schwarzer, G. (2000). Entwicklung der Musikwahrnehmung: Wie Kinder Musik hören. Jahrbuch der Musikpsychologie15, 60-76.


Zauner, N., & Schwarzer, G. (2003). Development of facial processing in the first year of life. Journal of Developmental Psychology and Educational Psychology35 (4), 229-237.